Regardless of ambient temperature (cold or hot), the nose must maintain the air at 37 ° C temperature and 100% humidity, because, otherwise, there could be an injury to the lung tissue.
This humidification depends on glands in the lining of the nasal cavities and sinuses, and they produce up to two liters of fluid a day to lubricate the mucous membranes in the nose, mouth and throat.
Usually, these secretions drain down the back of the nose and throat swept by the cilia. Cilia are like threads that undulate back and forth over part of the fabric of the area and help keep the nasal passages cleared of the substance to be there in the form of particles.
However, at times especially in the winter or when you have a cold or flu, mucus becomes thick and gummy, which slows the activity of the cilia causing secretions to accumulate and then they fall down the back of the nose. This situation is known as postnasal drip or postnasal drip. Even the drip may be accompanied often by a cough that worsens at night.
- Remedy for postnasal drip # 1: Dissolve 1 / 2 teaspoon salt 1 / 4 of a liter of warm water. Pour water into a nasal aspirator and put the tip of it inside the nostril. Hold the nose straight back and perpendicular to the suction side and parallel to the palate. Inhale to suck water into the nostril. Then spit out the water in the sink. Repeat several times to get a sense of relief. In the end, blow nose to remove the watery discharge.
- Remedy for postnasal drip # 2: Gargle with salt water. To do this, use 1 / 2 teaspoon salt in a quart of warm water. Gargle several times a day with this preparation.
- Remedy for postnasal drip # 3: Drink 1 glass of water with 5 tablespoons cider vinegar 3 times daily for 3 days. Reducing the amount gradually as we get better.
- Remedy for postnasal drip # 4: Take each morning peel 1 teaspoon grated lemon or orange, either natural or sweetened with honey.
- Remedy for postnasal drip # 5: Soak strips of orange peel in apple cider vinegar, drying and cooking with honey and then eat before going to bed, to clean the area where there is postnasal drip.
- Remedy for postnasal drip # 6: Take each morning 1 tablespoon of cod liver oil,
- Remedy for postnasal drip # 7: Stir in a glass of juice, 5 drops of castor oil and take before breakfast.
- Remedy for postnasal drip # 8: Cover 1 onion, sliced raw with a cup of water. Let rest for one minute, remove the onion and drink water in sips
- Remedy for postnasal drip # 9: Use index fingers to apply pressure upwards on both sides of the nostrils. (remedy of acupressure)
- Remedy for postnasal drip # 10: Press and massaging the center of the chest, then the area is 1 / 2 inch (4 cm) directly below the navel.
- Remedy for postnasal drip # 11: Massaging the thumbs, index and middle fingers, and meats that are between them in both hands.
- Remedy for postnasal drip # 12: Apply 2 drops of oil into each nostril propolis.
- Avoid spicy as pepper and spices, especially curry, as they can cause chronic sinus problems
- Avoid milk. Some food experts believe that dairy products like milk and ice cream stimulate excessive mucus production. Therefore it is best to avoid drinking alcohol when suffering from postnasal drip and opt for vegetable milks.
- Rest. Stress can cause chronic nasal disease The parasympathetic nervous system’s functions include heat and maintain a suitable coating for the nose. Therefore, stress can push too hard the process and cause the nasal lining to produce more mucus than necessary. If it appears that the postnasal drip gets worse with stress, it is necessary to consider relaxation techniques.
- Drink plenty of fluids. In order that the cilia can do their job, they need to preserve the mucosal lining was damp. For that reason, it is helpful to drink plenty of fluids, since it helps to lubricate the mucus that is stuck in the upper pharynx.
- Use a humidifier. A good humidifier in the room can be a good help to keep nasal passages clear. It is further recommended that distilled water is used weekly to clean the unit with water mixed with a little white vinegar to prevent fungus and mold.
- Verify that it is not heartburn. Some of the new antihypertensive drugs in people can cause symptoms of postnasal drip feel when they actually have heartburn or esophageal reflux.
- Consider estrogen. The hormone estrogen affects the mucosal lining of the nasal cavity. Some oral contraceptives contain much estrogen which causes the nasal lining is thicker and produce excess mucus and hence cause postnasal drip.
- No abuse of decongestants. It is recommended not to use nasal sprays or drops more than a few days in a row because it can worsen the situation.